President Nannerl Overholser Keohane:

In a sermon delivered at the opening of Wellesley in 1875, Henry Fowle Durant directed that Wellesley should prepare women for great conflicts, for vast reforms in social life, for "noblest usefulness." And to instill that message, the chosen motto of the College, still constantly familiar to all of us today, was "Non ministrari, sed ministrare" -- not to be the passive recipient of good works, but to do them. And thus service to other human beings, to family and community and the world became (and has remained) an integral part of the Wellesley tradition.

Barbara Bush clearly exemplifies that tradition of "noblest usefulness." The most popular First Lady in our time, Mrs. Bush has used the visibility and clout of her position to work untiringly to heal wounds and combat evils -- AIDS, drugs, homelessness, the breakup of families. Her work is best known in the field of literacy, the cause with which she is most closely identified, and where she has moved all of us to new levels of awareness and concern. She is determined to bring the privilege, practicality and pleasure of reading to the 25 million Americans who face each day the humiliation and isolation of illiteracy.

Barbara Bush's talents as an organizer are recognized by her family and friends; her son calls her "the COO -- chief operating officer." She has managed the details that come with supporting a far-flung, active and loving family, and shown the qualities of her hands-on leadership in her work with many organizations -- the United Negro College Fund, the Leukemia Society of America, the March of Dimes, the Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, the Salvation Army, the Midland Texas Memorial Hospital, and on and on.

She has worked in public, and she has worked behind the scenes, caring more about what she accomplishes than what she is given credit for. Those who know her best admire her most; there could be no finer tribute to anyone in public life.

Living in Texas, New York, Maine, China or Washington, Barbara Bush exemplifies what she believes: "to live a complete life, you need to help other people ... You have a choice: you can love your life, or not, and I have chosen to love my life."

And by her exuberant joy in her own family, her work, her quiet commitment to her causes, by the circumstance of having become a public person and then occupying that demanding role with wholesome grace, Mrs. Bush has won universal admiration. We are honored that you could be with us: Barbara Bush.

(Barbara Bush speaks)




President Nannerl Overholser Keohane:

In 1987, Raisa Gorbachev was selected in an international poll of newspaper editors as one of the world's ten most important women. She began her career as a schoolteacher, while her husband Mikhail was First Secretary of the Komsomol in Stavropol. In the 1960s, she resumed her formal academic studies at the V.I. Lenin Pedagogical Institute in Moscow.

Raisa Gorbachev wrote a pioneering sociological study entitled "Emergence of New Characteristics in the Daily Lives of the Collective Farm Peasantry". Five collective farms were the basis of her detailed analysis of rural living conditions.

In her work, Mrs. Gorbachev is credited with the use of highly original research methodology using official documents, oral accounts, scientific publications, and field investigations. The resulting thesis focused on the role of women in Soviet society, and earned her an advanced degree from the V.I. Lenin Pedagogical Institute in Moscow, and the reputation of a pioneering sociologist.

Raisa Gorbachev was a lecturer on the faculty of philosophy at Moscow State University before resigning when her husband succeeded to the role of General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. Mrs. Gorbachev has travelled extensively with her husband, setting new paths for Soviet women in her joint appearances and in solo public speaking. Of her marriage, Mrs. Gorbachev has said: "I am very lucky with Mikhail; we are really friends -- or if you prefer, we have a great complicity." And of their partnership on their many travels: "We have a division of labor. He's working and I'm looking around. Then I'll tell him about everything I see."

In trips to Great Britain, Iceland, eastern European countries, and the United States, Mrs. Gorbachev has displayed the new Soviet woman with intelligence, wit, sophistication and style. She has brought new prominence to the role of First Lady of the Soviet Union, and is often compared in this respect to Nadezhda Krupskaya, Lenin's wife.

In 1986, Mrs. Gorbachev was named to the Soviet Cultural Fund, an organization devoted to the promotion and development of the arts, the restoration of historical buildings, and cultural dialogue with the West. She now serves as President of the Fund.

Raisa Gorbachev is an extensive reader, and a devotee of ballet, theatre, and classical music. Wife, mother, professor, philosopher, sociologist, and volunteer: Mrs. Gorbachev we welcome you to Wellesley.

(Mrs. Gorbachev speaks)

Thank you from President Keohane:

Thank you, Mrs. Gorbachev. We are grateful to both of you for your thoughtful speeches, and we wish you well in the remainder of your summit conversations. Thank you for being with us.

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